Evidence-based health and well-being for entire populations.

Our Research

The foundation of our programs comes from research conducted with over 150,000 participants and funded by over $80 million of federal grants. Powerful databases let us track which strategies have been most successful for specific populations so we can continuously improve our programs.

Powerful enough to generate tens of thousands of messages on the most important change processes, these databases give participants guidance that is appropriate not only to their Stage of Change but also to their pros and cons of change, confidence to make and sustain change, and the processes of change they should be using.

What sets us apart from other behavior change programs is the depth and extent of scientific research on which our programs are based and the fact that we continue to use the outcomes generated by our systems to refine our methods and content.

Pro-Change’s approach to programs has been shown to be effective with:

  • 80% of at-risk populations participating
  • 80% or more of those participants who are not yet ready to change and are not seeking services
  • Minority populations
  • Low education populations
  • Children, adolescents, and older adults
  • Populations with mental illness

Pro-Change’s research and innovations have been recognized by awards like the 2009 URAC Gold Award in Health Management and the 2007 Tibbetts Award for significant achievements related to the Small Business Innovation Research grants and the AHRQ Innovation Exchange in 2008 and 2012. Since 2014, we have had NCQA certification for our HRI (Health Appraisal), first under Health Information Products and currently under Wellness and Health Promotions. In 2016, Pro-Change was granted NCQA WHP certification for our Self-Management Tools.

Pro-Change staff have published research papers in multiple peer-reviewed journals including:

    • Addictive Behaviors
    • Administration and Policy in Mental Health
    • Adolescent Medicine
    • Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
    • American Journal of Health Promotion
    • American Journal of Public Health and Disease Management
    • Child Welfare
    • Children & Youth Services
    • Cognitive Therapy and Research
    • Consulting Psychology Journal
    • Disease Management
    • Educational Research
    • Families in Society
    • Family and Intimate Partner Violence Quarterly
    • Financial Counseling and Planning Education
    • Health Care Financing Review
    • Health Psychology
    • Health Service Research
    • International Journal of Consumer Studies
    • Japanese Journal of Behavioral Medicine
    • Japanese Psychological Research
    • Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education
    • Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
    • Journal of Health Psychology
    • Journal of Medical Internet Research
    • Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health
    • Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
    • Journal of Personal Finance
    • Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
    • Journal of Rehabilitation
    • Journal of School Nursing
    • Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
    • Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
    • Managed Care Interface
    • Population Health Management
    • Preventive Medicine
    • Psychology of Violence
    • Psychology of Well-Being
    • Psychotherapy
    • Public Health Nursing
    • Sex Roles: A Research Journal
    • Social Work
    • Social Work in Health Care
    • Teaching of Psychology
    • The Journal of Rehabilitation
    • Violence and Victims

 

Pro-Change staff have presented research papers and have presented at numerous conferences including:

  • Academy Health
  • Alliance for Continuing Medical Education Conference
  • Art and Science of Health Promotion Conference
  • American Psychological Association (APA)
  • American Public Health Association (APHA)
  • American Telemedicine Association
  • Art and Science of Health Promotion Conference
  • Conference Board Employee Health Care Conference
  • Population Health Alliance
  • Corporate Health Congress (Brazil)
  • Disease Management Association of America (DMAA)
  • European Health Psychology Society Conference
  • Health 2.0
  • Information Therapy Conference
  • Integrated Benefits Institute
  • International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Trauma
  • International Congress of Behavioral Medicine (ICBM)
  • International Forum for Investor Education/International Organization of Securities
  • Commissions Global Investor Education Conference
  • Interstitial Cystitis Association
  • National Business Coalition on Health
  • National Conference on Health Productivity and Human Capital
  • New York State Public Health Association
  • Onsite Clinic Conference
  • Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA)
  • Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP)
  • Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM)
  • WELCOA

Thomas Michalek, M.S.

Software Architect

tmichalek@prochange.com

Mr. Michalek, who has been developing and implementing computer based expert systems for over 30 years, is the designer and developer of Pro-Change’s software engine TTMX.

He received his M.S. Degree in Computer Science, specializing in Artificial Intelligence, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Seth Crothers

Director of Technology

scrothers@prochange.com

Mr. Crothers leads Pro-Change’s use of technology, both in product development and operations. His previous work includes development of data driven web applications and management of an intranet for a 40,000 employee company.

He received a degree in engineering from Virginia Tech and is an IBM Certified Application Developer.

Sara S. Johnson, Ph.D.

Co-President & CEO

sjohnson@prochange.com

As co-President & CEO of Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc., Dr. Johnson is deeply and passionately committed to leveraging the undeniable power and reliability of behavior change science to empower people to experience life-changing breakthroughs. At Pro-Change, she leads business development and strategic initiatives. She brings to her role over 20 years of experience developing behavior change solutions in a variety of domains, including weight management, tobacco cessation, medication adherence, and medical education. She is also the Co-Editor of The Art of Health Promotion.

Dr. Johnson received the co-recipient of the Health Enhancement Research Organization’s Mark Dundon Research Award and was named the Health Care Services Woman to Watch by Providence Business News in 2018. In 2015, she was selected as a Top 10 Health Promotion Professional by the Wellness Council of America. Most recently, she was named one of the 2019 50 on Fire by Rhode Island Inno.

Dr. Johnson has been the principal investigator on over $6 million in National Institutes of Health grants to examine the effectiveness of evidence-based health and well-being interventions and has more than 40 publications including refereed research publications, book chapters, and published reports. She is currently leading new initiatives to integrate individual- and culture-level interventions to enhance well-being; increase engagement with evidence-based mobile apps that promote behavior change; and develop interventions for pain self-management, sleep, and financial well-being.

Sara received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Rhode Island and is currently an adjunct faculty member to the Psychology Department.

Publications

Johnson, S.S. & Evers, K.E. (2015). Advances in multiple behavior change. The Art of Health Promotion, March/April 2015, Vol. 29, No. 4, TAHP-6-TAHP-8. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.29.4.tahp

Johnson, S.S. & Castle, P.H. (2015). How do sleep, food, mood, and exercise relate to well-being? The Art of Health Promotion, March/April 2015, Vol. 29, No. 4, TAHP-4-TAHP-5. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.29.4.tahp

Johnson, S.S. & Evers, K.E. (2015). Using individually tailored and mobile behavior change solutions to promote multiple behavior change. The Art of Health Promotion, March/April 2015, Vol. 29, No. 4, TAHP-8-TAHP-10. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.29.4.tahp

Johnson, S.S., Castle, P.H., VanMarter, D.L., Roc, A., Neubauer, D., Auerbach, S., DeAguiar, E. (2015). The effect of physician continuing medical education on patient-reported outcomes for identifying and optimally managing obstructive sleep apnea. JCSM, 11(3), 197-204.

Johnson, S.S., Paiva, A., Mauriello, L., Prochaska, J.O., Redding, C., & Velicer, W.F. (2014). Coaction in Multiple Behavior Change Interventions: Consistency Across Multiple Studies on Weight Management and Obesity Prevention. Health Psychology, 33(5), 475-480.

Kaegi, J. & Johnson, S.S. (2014, October 20). 4 elements of a well-designed wellness program. Employee Benefit News. http://ebn.benefitnews.com/blog/beadvised/4-elements-of-a-well-designed-wellness-program-2744451-1.html#Login

Johnson, S.S. & Cook, B.  (2013). Using the Transtheoretical Model to Promote the Adoption & Maintenance of Regular Exercise.  In C. Nigg (Ed.) ACSM’s Behavioral Aspects of Exercise. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Johnson, S.S. (2012). Maximizing Behavior Change by Matching Your Message to Clients’ Readiness to Exercise. ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal, 17(1), 1-3.

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., Paiva, A., Brown, J.J. (2012). Measuring Effectiveness of Continuing Medical Education Using the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change. CE Measure, 6 (3), 32-40.

Russell, B., Maher, G. Prochaska, J.O., Johnson, S.S. (2012). Strategic Approaches to Continuing Medical Education: Applying the Transtheoretical Model & Diffusion of Innovation Theory. CE Measure, 6 (3), 27-31.

Yin, H.-Q., Prochaska, J.O., Rossi, J.S., Redding, C.A., Paiva, A.L., Blissmer, B., Velicer, W.F., Johnson, S.S., & Kobayashi, H. (2013). Treatment-enhanced paired action contributes substantially to change across multiple health behaviors: Secondary analyses of five randomized trials. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 3(1), 62-71. doi: 10.1007/s13142-013-0193-4.

Dempsey-Fanning, A., Johnson, S.S., Westhoff, C.W. (2011). Prediction of oral contraception continuation using the Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 43(1), 23-29.

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O. (2009). Proactive health consumerism: An important new tool for worksite health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23, S1-S8.

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., & Evers, K.E. (2008). The impact of Transtheoretical Model-based multiple behavior interventions on nutrition. In N.E. Bernhardt & A.M. Kasko (Eds.) Nutrition for Middle-Aged and Elderly (pp.195-212). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers.

Johnson, S.S, Paiva, A.L. Cummins, C., Johnson, J.L. Dyment, S., Wright, J.A., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, JM., Sherman, K. (2008). Evidence-based Multiple Behavior Intervention for Weight Management: Effectiveness on a Population Basis. Preventive Medicine, 46(3), 238-246. PMC 2327253

Prochaska, J.O., Johnson, S.S., & Lee, P. (2008). The Transtheoretical Model of behavior change. In S.A. Shumaker, J.K. Ockene, & K.A. Riekert (Eds.), The Handbook of Behavioral Change, Third Edition. New York: Springer.

Johnson, S.S., Driskell, MM., Johnson, J.L, Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., Zwick, W. (2006). Efficacy of a Transtheoretical model based expert system for antihypertensive adherence. Disease Management, 9,(5), 291-301.

Johnson, S.S., Driskell, MM., Johnson, J.L, Dyment, S., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Bourne, l. (2006). Transtheoretical model intervention for adherence to lipid-lowering drugs. Disease Management, 9(2), 102-114.

Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., & Johnson, S.S. (2006). Assessing readiness for adherence to treatment in W.T. O’Donohue & E.R.Levensky (Eds.) Promoting Treatment Adherence, pp.35-46. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Mauriello, L. M., Driskell, M. M., Sherman, K. J., Johnson, S. S., Prochaska, J. M., & Prochaska, J. O. (2006). Acceptability of a school-based intervention for the prevention of adolescent obesity. Journal of School Nursing, 22, 269-277.

Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F., Fava, J.L., Rugiero, L., LaForge, R.G., Rossi, J.S., Johnson, S.S. & Lee, P.A. (2001). Counselor and stimulus control enhancements of a stage-matched expert system intervention for smokers in a managed care setting. Preventive Medicine, 32, 23-32.

Sarkin, J.A., Johnson, S.S., & Prochaska, J.O., & Prochaska, J.M. (2001). Applying the Transtheoretical Model to regular moderate exercise in an overweight population: Validation of a stages of change measure. Preventive Medicine, 33, 462-469.

Janet L. Johnson, Ph.D.

Senior Vice President of Innovation and Implementation

jjohnson@prochange.com

Dr. Johnson leads the development of our software reporting engine, oversees continuous quality improvements to our LifeStyle Management Suite, and manages relationships with some of our key partners. Dr. Johnson facilitates the translation of the science of behavior change into our technology for delivering our programs to both adults and adolescents.

She has worked on a variety of health projects covering a wide scope of health behaviors including smoking cessation, sun exposure, adolescent substance abuse, healthy eating, exercise, and decision making for health care and organ donation. Her research interests include methodology and statistics and use of technology in behavior change interventions.

Winner of the Peter Merenda prize in 2001 for outstanding student work in the area of statistics and research, Dr. Johnson received her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Rhode Island.

Publications

Articles

Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.O., Paiva, A.L., Fernandez, A.C., DeWees, S.L., and Prochaska, J.M. (2013) Advancing Bodies of Evidence for Population-based Health Promotion Programs: Randomized Controlled Trials and Case Studies. Population Health Management, 16(6): 373-380.

Paiva, A.L., Amoyal, N.N., Johnson, J.L., & Prochaska, J.O. (2014). Adolescent Substance Use Initiation: Correlates of Profiles of Prevention. Journal of Early Adolescence, 34(8), 1033-1057.

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Castle, P.H., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.M., Rula, E.Y., Coberley, C., & Pope, J.E. (2012). Enhancing Multiple Domains of Well-being by Decreasing Multiple Health Risk Behaviors: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Population Health Management, 15(5), 276-286.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O., Castle, P.H., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.M., Rula, E.Y., Coberley, C., & Pope, J.E. (2012). Development of an individual well-being scores assessment. Psychology of Well-Being: Theory, Research and Practice, 2:2.

Levesque, D.A., Johnson, J.L., Welch, C.A., Prochaska, J.M., & Fernandez, A.C. (2012) Computer-Tailored Intervention for Juvenile Offenders, Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 12:4, 391-411.

Evers, K.E., Paiva, A.L., Johnson, J.L., Cummins, C.O., Prochaska,J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Padula, J., & Gökbayrak, N.S. (2012). Results of a Transtheoretical Model-Based Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Intervention in Middle Schools. Addictive Behaviors, 37, 1009-1018.

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Johnson, J.L., Castle, P.H., Prochaska, J.M., Sears, L.E., Rula, E.Y., & Pope, J.E. (2011). The well-being assessment for productivity: A well-being approach to presenteeism. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 53 (7), 735-742.

Mauriello, L.M., Ciavatta, M.H., Pavia, A.L., Sherman, K.J., Castle, P.H., Johnson, J.L., & Prochaska, J.M. (2010). Results of a multi-media multiple behavior obesity prevention program for adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 51, 451-456.

Velicer, W.F., BIckmore, T., Blissmer, B., Redding, C., Johnson, J., Meier, K., & Zaffini, J. (2009). Relational agent interventions for multiple risk factors: Demonstration and initial results. Psychology & Health, 24, 403.

Velicer, W.F., Cumming, G., Fava, J.L., Rossi, J.S., Prochaska, J.O., & Johnson, J.L. (2008) Theory Testing Using Quantitative Predictions of Effect Size, Applied Psychology, 57, 589-608.

Johnson, S.S., Paiva, A.L., Cummins, C., Johnson, J.L. Dyment, S., Wright, J.A., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, JM., Sherman, K. (2008). Evidence-based Multiple Behavior Intervention for Weight Management: Effectiveness on a Population Basis. Preventive Medicine, 46, 238-246

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O., Van Marter, D.F., Johnson, J.L., & Prochaska, J.M. (2007) Transtheoretical-based bullying prevention effectiveness trials in middle schools and high schools. Educational Research, 49, 397-414.

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., VanMarter, D., & Johnson, J.L. (2007) Efficacy and effectiveness trials: Examples from smoking cessation and bullying prevention. Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 170-178.

Wallace, L.M., Evers, K.E., Wareing, H., Dunn, O.M., Newby, K., Paiva, A., & Johnson, J.L. (2007). Informing school sex education using the Stages of Change construct: Sexual behaviour and attitudes towards sexual activity and condom use of children aged 13-16 in England. Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 179-183.

Johnson, J.L., Evers, K.E., Paiva, A.L., VanMarter, D.F., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Mauriello, L., Cummins, C.O., & Padula, J. (2006) Prevention profiles: Understanding adolescents who do not use substances. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 1593-1606.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O., Johnson, J.L., Mauriello, L.M, Padula, J.A., & Prochaska, J.M. (2006). A Randomized Clinical Trial of a Population- and Transtheoretical-Based Stress Management Intervention. Health Psychology, 25, 521-529.

Johnson, S.S., Driskell, M., Johnson, J.L., Dyment, S.J. Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M. & Bourne, L. (2006) Transtheoretical Model Intervention for Adherence to Lipid-lowering Drugs. Disease Management, 9, 102-114.

Johnson, S.S., Driskell, M., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.M., Zwick, W., & Prochaska, J.O. (2006) Efficacy of a Transtheoretical Model-Based Expert System for Antihyertensive Adherence. Disease Management, 9, 291-301.

Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Johnson, J.L., Paiva, A., Prochaska, J.O., and Prochaska, J.M. (2004) Assessing stage of change and informed decision making for internet participation in health promotion and disease management. Managed Care Interface, 17, 27-32.

Prochaska, J. O., Velicer, W. F., Prochaska, J. M., & Johnson, J.L. (2004). Size, Consistency and Stability of Stage Effects for Smoking Cessation. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 207-213.

Johnson, J.L., Fava, J.L., Velicer, W.F., Monroe, A.D., and Emmons, K.M. (2002) Testing stage effects in an ethnically diverse sample. Addictive Behaviors, 27, 605-617.

Emmons, K.M., Hammond, S.K, Fava, J.L., Velicer, W.F., Evans, J.L., and Monroe, A.D.(2001) A Randomized Trial to Reduce Passive Smoke Exposure in Low Income Households with Young Children. Pediatrics, 108,18-24.

Emmons, K.M., Wong, M., Hammond, S.K., Velicer, W.F., Fava, J.L., Monroe, A.D., and Evans, J.L. (2001) Intervention and Policy Issues Related to Children’s Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Preventive Medicine, 32, 321-331.

Robbins, M.L., Levesque, D.A., Redding, C.A., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.O., Rohr, M.S., & Peters, T.G. (2001) Assessing family members’ motivational rediness and decision making for consenting to cadaveric organ donation. Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 523-535.

Levesque, D. A., Prochaska, J.O., Cummins, C.O., and Evans, J.L. (2000) Assessing Readiness of Medicare Beneficiaries to participate in Informed Health Care Choices – Final Report.

Kerry E. Evers, Ph.D.

Co-President & CEO

kevers@prochange.com

Dr. Evers leads projects focusing on the development and dissemination of tailored interventions, methods to increase their impact, and approaches for integrating them into population based systems. These programs focus on a variety of behaviors including lifestyle management, well-being, stress management, bullying prevention, substance abuse avoidance, and unwanted pregnancy prevention.

In July 2011, Dr. Evers was named one of Rhode Island’s top business people in the annual “40 Under Forty” feature in Providence Business News (PBN) based on her career success and community involvement. She obtained Pro-Change’s first SBIR funding from NIH in 1998, and has been integral in the awarding and implementation of many of Pro-Change’s major corporate contracts including its largest with Healthways. She also led two contracts from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation examining the use of the Internet for behavior change, led the work with the Channing Bete Company for school-based programs and led contracts with several businesses in England, the Netherlands and Israel. In 2009 she was one of 20 experts invited by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Monitor Institute to participate in the “Forum on the Future Impact of Neuroscience and Behavior Change.”

Dr. Evers has close to 40 publications including refereed research publications, book chapters, and published reports. She has been invited to speak at close to 100 meetings and conferences in the U.S. and in over 10 countries including South Africa, Thailand, Australia, and several in Europe. She is a skilled public speaker, able to convey complex scientific research into easily understood and practical applications for her audience.

Dr. Evers, who holds a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Rhode Island, is adjunct faculty at URI, an Associate Editor for the American Journal of Health Promotion, and is actively involved in the Society of Behavioral Medicine and the International Society of Behavioral Medicine. She also serves on the Board of Directors for South Kingstown CARES, a non-profit volunteer organization.

In 2008, Dr. Evers was selected by the U.S. Office of the Secretary of Defense as one of 50 leaders from across the country to participate in the 76th Joint Civilian Orientation Conference (JCOC).In 2009 she received an invitation from the Secretary of the Air Force to attend the 56th Annual National Security Forum (NSF) at the Air War College.

Publications

Articles

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Castle, P.H., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.M., Rula, E.Y., Coberley, C., & Pope, J.E. (In press). Enhancing multiple domains of well-being by decreasing multiple health risk behaviors: A randomized clinical trial. Population Health Management.

Jordan, P., Evers, K., Burke, K., King, L., & Nigg, C. (2011). A computerized, tailored intervention to address behaviors associated with PTSD in veterans: Rationale and design of STR2IVE. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 1, 595-604.

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Johnson, J.L., Castle, P.H., Prochaska, J.M., Sears, L.E., Rula, E.Y., & Pope, J.E. (2011). The Well-being Assessment for Productivity: A well-being approach to presenteeism. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 53, 735-742.

Johnson, SS, Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O. (2009). Proactive health consumerism: An important new tool for worksite health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23, S1-S8.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O., Van Marter, D.F., Johnson, J.L., & Prochaska, J.M. (2007). Transtheoretical-Based Bullying Prevention Effectiveness Trials In Middle Schools and High Schools. Educational Research, 49(4), 397-414.

Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., & Evers, K.E. (in press). Stress management using the transtheoretical model. Stress Management, edited by Koji Takenaka. To be published in Japan by Yumani.

Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., Van Marter, D., & Johnson, J.L. (2007) Efficacy and effectiveness trials: examples from smoking cessation and bullying prevention. Journal of Health Psychology, 12(1), 170-178.

Wallace, L.M., Evers, K.E., Wareing, H., Dunn, O.M., Newby, K., Paiva, A., & Johnson, J.L. (2007). Informing school sex education using the stages of change construct: sexual behaviour and attitudes towards sexual activity and condom use of children aged 13-16 in England. Journal of Health Psychology, 12(1), 179-183.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O., Johnson, J.L., Mauriello, L.M, Padula, J.A., & Prochaska, J.M. (2006). A Randomized Clinical Trial of a Population and Transtheoretical-Based Stress Management Intervention. Health Psychology, 25 (4), 521-529.

Johnson, J.L., Evers, K.E., Paiva, A.L., Van Marter, D.F., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Mauriello, L.M., Cummins, C.O., Padula, J.A. (2006). Prevention profiles: Understanding youth who do not use substances. Addictive Behaviors, 31(9), 1593-1606.

Evers, K.E. (2006). eHealth Promotion: The use of the internet for health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 20(4):suppl 1-7, iii.

Evers K.E., Cummins C.O., Prochaska J.O., & Prochaska J.M. (2005). Online Health Behavior and Disease Management Programs: Are We Ready for Them? Are They Ready for Us? Journal of Medical Internet Research 7(3), e27.

Evers, K.E. (2004). The use of the Transtheoretical Model with adolescents: Issues, interventions, and outcomes. In S. Keller & W.F. Velicer (Eds.), Research on the Transtheoretical Model: Where are we now, where are we going? (pp. 44-47). Lengerich, Germany: Pabst Science Publishers.

Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Johnson, J.L., Paiva, A. Prochaska, J.O., & Prochaska, J.M., (2004). Assessing stage of change and informed decision making for Internet participation for health promotion and disease management. Managed Care Interface, 17(8), 27-32.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., Driskell, M.M., Cummins, C.O., & Velicer, W.F. (2003). Strengths and weaknesses of health behavior change programs on the Internet. Journal of Health Psychology, 8(1), 63-71.

Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.O., Driskell, M.M., Evers, K.E., Wright, J.A., Prochaska, J.M., Velicer, W.F. (2003). Development of review criteria to evaluate health behavior change websites. Journal of Health Psychology, 8(1), 55-63.

Redding, C.A., Prochaska, J.O., Pallonen, U.E., Rossi, J.S., Velicer, W.F., Rossi, S.R., Greene, G.W., Meier, K.S., Evers, K.E., Plummer, BA, & Maddock, JE. (1999) Transtheoretical individualized multimedia expert systems targeting adolescents’ health behaviors. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 6, 144-153.

Evers, K.E., Harlow, L.L., Redding, C.A., & LaForge, R.G. (1998). Longitudinal changes in stages of change for condom use in women. American Journal of Health Promotion, 13 (1), 19-25.

Evers, K.E., Bishop, C.H., Gerhan, L.S., & Weisse, C.S. (1997). AIDS educator effectiveness as a function of sexual orientation and HIV status. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27 (10), 902-914.

Book Chapters

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., & Evers, K.E. (2008). The impact of Transtheoretical Model-based multiple behavior interventions on nutrition. In N.E. Bernhardt & A.M. Kasko (Eds.) Nutrition for Middle-Aged and Elderly (pp.195-212). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers.

Redding, C.A., Velicer, W.F., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.O. (2007). Preventing Postpartum Relapse: Some New Approaches to Meeting the Challenge. In Hannover, W., Roske, K., & Thyrian, J.R. (Eds.) Smoking Cessation and relapse Prevention in Women Post Partum. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.

Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., & Tsuda, A. (2006). Transtheoretical-based expert systems guiding youth to have healthier, less stressful lives. In Tsuda, A., Ohya, Y, & Tanno, Y. eds., Clinical Stress Psychology, Tokyo: University of Tokyo. (Written in Japanese).

Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., & Tsuda, A. (2006, in press). Proactive Home-based stress management using the Transtheoretical model. In Tsuda, A.& Prochaska, J.O., eds., Modern Esprit, special issue for New Practice of Stress Management, Tokyo: Shibundo. (written in Japanese).

Prochaska, J.O., Redding, C.A., & Evers, K. (2002). The Transtheoretical Model and Stages of Change. In K. Glanz, B.K. Rimer & F.M. Lewis, (Eds.) Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice (3rd Ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, Inc.

Burkholder, G.J., & Evers, K.E. (2001). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Several Problem Behaviors. In P. M. Burbank & D. Riebe (Eds.) Promoting Exercise and Behavior Change in Older Adults: Interventions with the Transtheoretical Model. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Carol O. Cummins, M.L.I.S., M.Ed.

Sr. Vice President Product Development and Strategy

ccummins@prochange.com

Carol’s focus is content development ranging from informed decision making, to weight and medication management, to text messaging for the HRI and LifeStyle Management Suite. Carol has participated in qualitative research for a number of SBIRs and contracts. She holds a B.A. from Northwestern University, a M.Ed. from the University of Pittsburgh, and an M.L.I.S. from the University of Rhode Island. She has been with Pro-Change since 1999.

Publications

Evers, K.E., Paiva, A.P., Johnson, J.L., Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Padula, J. & Gokbayrak, N.S. (2012). Results of a Transtheoretical Model-Based Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Intervention in Middle Schools. Addictive Behaviors, 37(9), 1009-1018.

Johnson, S.S, Cummins,C., Paiva, A., & Brown, J.J. (2012). Measuring effectiveness of continuing medical education using the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change. CE Measure, 6, 32-40.

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M. & Prochaska, J.O. (2009). Proactive Health Consumerism: Learning from Health Promotion and Integrating with Health Promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion.

Johnson, S.S., Cummins, C.O., & Evers, K.E. (2008). The impact of Transtheoretical Model-based multiple behavior interventions on nutrition. In N.E. Bernhardt & A.M. Kasko (Eds.) Nutrition for Middle-Aged and Elderly. (pp 195-212) Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Johnson, S., Paiva, A.L., Cummins, C.O., Johnson, J.L., Dyment, S.J., Wright, J.A., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., & Sherman, K. (2008). Transtheoretical Model-Based Multiple Behavior Intervention for Weight Management: Effectiveness on a Population Basis. Preventive Medicine, 46, 238-246.

Johnson, J.L., Evers, K.E., Van Marter, D.F., Paiva, A.L., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., Cummins, C.O., & Padula, J.A.. (2006). Prevention profiles: Understanding youth who do not use substances. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 1593-1606.

Levesque, D.A., Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.M., & Prochaska, J.O. (2006). Stage of change for making an informed decision about Medicare health plans. Health Services Research, 41, 1372-1391.

Levesque, D.A., Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.M., & Prochaska, J.O. (2006).  Randomized trial of stage-based interventions for informed Medicare choices. Health Care Financing Review, 27, 25-40.

Evers, K.E., Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M. (2005). Online health behaviors and disease management programs: Are we ready for them? Are they ready for us? Journal of Medical Internet Research, 7, e27.

Cummins, C.O., Evers, K.E., Johnson, J.L., Paiva, A., Prochaska, J.O., & Prochaska, J.M. (2004). Assessing stage of change and informed decision making for internet participation in health promotion and disease management. Managed Care Interface, 17, 27-32.

Evers, K.E., Prochaska, J.M., Prochaska, J.O., Driskell, M.M., Cummins, C.O., Velicer, W.F. (2003). Strengths and Weaknesses of Health Behavior Change Programs on the Internet. Journal of Health Psychology, 8, 63-70.

Cummins, C.O., Prochaska, J.O., Driskell, M.M., Evers, K.E.., Wright, J.A., Prochaska, J.M., Velicer, W.F. (2003). Development of Review Criteria to Evaluate Health Behavior Change Websites. Journal of Health Psychology, 8, 55-63.

Levesque, D.L,, Prochaska, J.O., Cummins, C.O., Miranda, D. Terrell, S. (2001). Assessing Medicare Beneficiaries’ Readiness to Make Informed Health Plan Choices. Health Care Financing Review, 23, 87-104.

Evers, K,E., Cummins, C.O., Driskell, M.M., Sarkin, J.A., Prochaska, J.O., Prochaska, J.M., & Velicer, W.F. (March 2001). Impacts on health behavior change of health.com programs. West Kingston, RI: Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc.

Our Team and Publications

Inspiring Leadership

Strong Team

Love to spend time being active outside.
Seth Crothers Senior Vice President of Technology
I reflect on the good things that have happened each day.
Patricia H. Castle, Ph.D. Vice President of Data Science
Like Cicero said, if you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need.
Carol O. Cummins, M.L.I.S., M.Ed. Senior Vice President Product Development and Strategy
Despite my busy schedule, I make sure to fit in a workout or run at least every other day.
Janet Johnson, Ph.D. Senior Vice President of Innovation and Implementation
I run regularly to stay fit and focused.
Dave Armitage, PMP Vice President of Business Management and Development
I strive to be thrifty, healthy, and always jolly.
Marissa Joly Business Development Associate
I enjoy biking with my daughters to the playground.
Kevin Lague, M.L.I.S Front-End Developer
I enjoy chasing my kids around the backyard.
Daniel Siefert, B.S., HCISPP Director, IT Operations
"Be kind whenever possible. It is always possible."--Dalai Lama
Deborah Van Marter, M.P.H. Director of Client Relations
I enjoy quiet time for restoration and reflection.
Susanne Vieira Editorial Assistant

Experienced Consultants

I strive to thrive every day by doing something purposeful.
James O. Prochaska, Ph.D. Consultant
I often walk the famous 350 Dipsea Steps for the purpose of volunteering at the Library.
Janice M. Prochaska, Ph.D. Consultant, Former President & CEO
I enjoy exercising outdoors: hiking, mountain biking, and x-country skiing.
Thomas Michalek, M.S. Software Architect
I relax by swimming at the Y and walking my dogs.
Carrie Coren Graphic Design Consultant
I'm a big fan of yoga & all the health benefits it offers.
Lois Hamblet, B.S. Financial Consultant
I prefer experiences with friends & family vs. material things.
Cindy Umanzor, M.P.H. Consultant

About Us

“Tailored to individuals…scaled to populations…driven by science and technology”

Pro-Change’s Vision Statement

Optimal well-being for every person and every organization.

Pro-Change Mission Statement

Create evidence-based behavior change solutions that optimize population health and well-being.

Who we are

Pro-Change is an internationally recognized behavior change company that partners with wellness companies and institutions to produce award-winning programs that are designed to reduce multiple health risk behaviors and to enhance multiple domains of well-being while lowering health care costs and increasing productivity. As leaders in the development of behavior change programs, we build the most advanced science of behavior change into our programs.

Contact Us

Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc.

Phone: 401-360-2980
Mailing Address:
1174 Kingstown Road
Suite 101
South Kingstown, RI 02879

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